CPI-M to hold centenary celebration of ‘Communist Movement in India’

IMPHAL, 17th Oct: Commemorating the day Communist Party of India (CPI) was formed in Tashkent in 1920, CPI-M Manipur State Committee would be organising the centenary celebration of Communist Movement in India for a year till October 17, 2020. A press statement issued by CPI-M state secretary Kshetrimayum Shanta informed that the formation of CPI in Tashkent in 1920 sowed seed of communist movement in the country. The stand taken up by working class people of the country against the British colonial rule was an important chapter in the freedom struggle of the country, the statement said.
On October 17, 1920, the party was formed in the capital of Turkmenistan, a constituent republic of Soviet Union, and Md Saffique was elected secretary during a meet. The meet also resolved to make certain amendments in the working principle of communism to suit the situation in India. MN Roy was elected as a member of the Executive Committee of Communist International (Comintern) and later appointed as Central Asiatic Bureau. He mobilised people of different sections and strengthened the party’s presence in India to fight the British government, the statement recalled.
It further stated that Virendranath Chattopadhyaya, who led the Berlin Group of Revolutionaries went to Moscow in 1921 and met several communist leaders to gather support of communists for the Indian movement. His group did not want to recognise MN Roy as the leader of Indian Communist but Roy, who was recognised as the communist leader in India carried out the ground work with the help of Comintern by communicating with leaders of different states to spread the communist movement.
All India Trade Union Congress was also formed in 1920. The Congress, which initially worked for bringing a reformation, developed close relationship with communist and emerged as a militant forum of working class, the statement said while underscoring the importance of the Tashkent meet as the root of communist movement in India.

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