India created deviously, princely states annexed: PREPAK-Pro

CHRONICLE BUREAU
IMPHAL, 9th Oct: On the occasion of 43rd Raising Day of its armed wing Fingang Lanmi (Red Army), the proscribed People’s Revolutionary Party of Kangleipak-Progressive (PREPAK-Pro) extended revolutionary salute to all those who laid down their lives during the course liberation struggle.
On the occasion, PREPAK-Pro chairman L Paliba not only conveyed his deepest regards to all the communities and fraternal revolutionary organisations on behalf of the outfit but also shared his thoughts on sustaining revolutionary struggle to the public.
Beginning his statement, Paliba said that India was created deviously and it was formed against democratic norms and natural laws by annexing scores of princely states. Two princely states of Manavadar and Junagadh in present day Gujarat state acceded to Pakistan by the then rulers but India sent many forces to the region and imposed economic blockade and heads of the states were driven out while many officials were arrested. Taking chance of this situation, referendums were conducted in these two states in February, 1948 and eventually acceded to India. India also utilised its armed forces openly to annex Hyderabad and Goa with the codenamed ‘Operation Polo’ and ‘Operation Vijay’ respectively. Though the election held in Sikkim in the year 1947 to be part of India was not successful and Sikkim remained as an independent kingdom, former Prime Minister Indira Gandhi along with the RAW conspired and ordered the Indian forces to take control of Sikkim and detained the king. Thereafter, Sikkim was annexed by India under the controversial referendum held on April 14, 1975 that allowed many Indians to vote. Referring to such illegitimate action, former Prime Minister Morarji Desai said in New York Times (1978) that India’s action in Sikkim was not right, Paliba recalled.
Coming to Manipur’s context, Paliba said that king Bodhchandra of was forced to sign the Merger Agreement instead of holding referendum after putting him under house arrest at Shillong. A big question remains still in the minds of people of Manipur as to why plebiscite was not held as it was done in other similar princely states and why the Durbar members were not also advised to express their opinions. However, India is still unable to give answers to these questions and it shows that Indian leaders are apprehensive to seek public opinions.
According to Paliba, Manipur enacted its own constitution and started administration after a popular election before India could do the same and this made Indian leaders uncertain about the people of Manipur that they might not like to join the newly independent India. Apart from this, many agencies provided inputs to Indian leaders that integrating Manipur would not be successful if referendum was held. Similarly, the Indian intelligence agencies reported to the then Indian leaders that the UN sponsored plebiscite would not come in favour of India in Kashmir as Kashmiri people did not like to join India and this was the main reason that India did not implement the UN Resolution.
Paliba maintained that many princely states with Hindu majority like Jodhpur, Indore and Jaisalmer met Muhammad Ali Jinnah who was about to become Pakistan’s leader and discussed the terms of merger with Pakistan. Travancore and Hyderabad declared their willingness to be independent kingdoms and even disclosed their closeness with Pakistan. These political developments shocked the Indian leaders and started exploring means to subdue princely states by integrating into India. Accordingly, India announced its official policy on July 7, 1947 that three subjects namely Defence, Foreign Affairs and Communication as mentioned in the Instrument of Accession (IOA) would be the only foundation to integrate princely states into India and there would be no other subjects to merge into India. Apart from this, idea of Privy Purse was introduced for maintaining status of rulers of the princely states. Using both hard and soft means, the government of India reached an agreement with 562 princely states under the Instrument of Accession (IOA) during June and August 15, 1947. Later, some princely states expressed to join India through IOA, shaping the country into a ‘Union of States’ and Article 370 of Indian Constitution reflected ‘Federalism’ and recognised IOA respectfully. The signing of the IOA by the two sovereign states of India and Jammu Kashmir on October 26, 1947 rooted into making of Article 370 reflecting Federalism in India’s polity. That Article showed the recognition and respect of the IOA by the Indian Constitution. Forgetting the history of Kashmir, the Union government recently revoked the statehood of Jammu & Kashmir and bifurcated it into two union territories by undemocratically abrogating Article 370. This was done by deploying many security forces and arresting many popular leaders, Paliba said adding that people of Manipur should understand that India was created by coercing many unwilling princes.
While maintaining that the Indian government is acting just like a tyrant and it has been trying to rein in independent agencies and institutions such as CBI, ED, NIA and Supreme Court by making them its henchmen in order to consolidate its despotic administration, Paliba said only two laws are existing in India and the first one is to silence the voice of the people and oppress political opposition and the second one is to pour more power to the ruling groups.


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