Screening of five NCDs at all district H&WCs

IMPHAL, 19th Dec: Further expanding the target population for screening of five types of non-communicable diseases (NCD) which is currently in operation in four districts of the state, the government would be opening Health & Wellness Centres (H&WCs) in all districts by March next year and conduct the screening by covering all individuals under 30 years of age.
NPCDCS state nodal officer Dr Y Premchandra told this daily that population based screening of five NCDs, which include three types of cancer, diabetes and hypertension began in Imphal West and Thoubal district from April 14 under National Programme for Prevention and Control of Cancer, Diabetes, Cardiovascular Diseases and Stroke (NPCDCS). The operation was further extended in Churachandpur and Chandel district following the launch of H&WCs in the two districts in August last. At present the screening process along with awareness is being carried out through 29 centres in the four districts with active cooperation from ASHA workers, ANM and community health officers at the community level.
The screening programme will continue for three years and the government is targeting to cover 50 per cent of the population under 30 years of age in the first year. As such, the operation will cover all the 16 districts of the state by setting up 78 H&WCs, he said.
Screening for cancer is a new addition in the programme and qualified doctors will conduct the screening using Visual Inspection of Acetic Acid (VIA) technique, a low cost process which could give result instantly. Positive result in the screening will require further test to confirm cancer. Those confirmed of cancer will be referred to health centres and they will be provided medicines free of cost. Since the technique is a new one, the government is providing training to the officials now, he informed.
Based on the finding as of now, hypertension is the most common disease among the population. Among the types of cancer, cervical cancer has highest prevalent rate. Unfortunately, the state is facing certain difficulties in cancer treatment since there is no cancer institute here to provide complete treatment to the patients. As such, the state government needs to set up a cancer institute, he contended.
On the other hand, a two-day NCD health camp cum workshop jointly organised by State NCD Cell and District NCD Cell Tamenglong concluded at Tamenglong district hospital on Tuesday.
Deputy director (public health) & NCD state nodal officer Dr Y Premchandra and NCD state programme coordinator W Seirangba led the team of surgeons, gynaecologists, cardiologist, doctors, nurses & other staff of Tamenglong district hospital, PHCs & PHSCs, and para medical staff of the district during the camp.
Altogether 90 women were screened of cervical cancer during the event and 24 were found positive. Two women were advised for undergoing FNAC test for breast cancer. During ECG test of 121 and echocardiography of 30 persons, 14 were detected to be suffering from cardiovascular diseases.

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